Environmental Agricultural Groups: See nitrates legislation as important step forward

MADISON, Wis. — Four environmental and agricultural groups, working as partners to bring about long-term solutions to Wisconsin’s water quality issues, cheered the signing of legislation today aimed at reducing nitrates in rural wells, a move they hope will build momentum for broader efforts. 

The bipartisan bill, signed by Gov. Tony Evers as 2021 Wisconsin Act 223, creates: 

  • A pilot program that provides grants to farmers implementing new practices to optimize the application of commercial nitrogen.
  • A crop insurance premium rebate to farmers who plant cover crops, a practice that improves soil health and reduces infiltration and runoff.  
  • A hydrogeologist position at the UW-Madison Division of Extension to develop groundwater resource information, such as soil depth-to-bedrock maps that help farmers tailor cropping practices. 

“This legislation is a positive, practical step forward, one that will spur innovation and empower more farmers to prioritize groundwater protection,” the groups — Clean Wisconsin, the Dairy Business Association, The Nature Conservancy in Wisconsin, and WI Land+Water — said jointly.  

“We thank Representative Joel Kitchens and Senator Rob Cowles for championing the legislation, and we credit lawmakers in both parties as well as Governor Evers for recognizing its importance and doing the bipartisan work necessary to make it a reality.” 

“We hope this action signals a long-term commitment by state leaders to significantly change how Wisconsin approaches drinking water protection and farmer support,” the groups said. “We look forward to continuing to work with the Legislature and administration on this critically important issue.” 

The new programs and position were among pieces of a comprehensive budget blueprint proposed a year ago by the groups, which formed a working partnership to be a catalyst for bold policies and investments that provide for clean water and resilient farms in Wisconsin. 

Comments about Act 223 from the organizations:


“While modest in scale and scope, Act 223 will help communities, researchers and farmers work together to combat widespread nitrate pollution problems. We look forward to working with decision-makers to implement the cover crop and nitrate pollution reduction programs in the bill and to advancing additional, bolder actions to combat Wisconsin’s most widespread groundwater pollution problem. Act 223 is one step down a long path toward delivering on Wisconsin’s clean drinking water promise.”

— Scott Laeser, water program director for Clean Wisconsin


“Our farmers understand the leadership role they can, and do, play in shaping solutions to Wisconsin’s complex water quality challenges. Farmer-led conservation programs and projects are growing in number and ingenuity around the state with the help of our environmental partners and other collaborators. This legislation will accelerate that activity. We also realize this is a piece to a much larger puzzle the state must invest in to achieve long-term success — clean drinking water and economically sustainable farms.”

— Amy Penterman, president of the Dairy Business Association


“Congratulations to the governor and Legislature for their bipartisan work on this nitrate legislation. This clearly shows the importance of agricultural and conservation communities working together for healthier soils, cleaner drinking water, and tackling climate change with powerful natural solutions like planting cover crops. We are pleased that, even in today’s trying political climate, Wisconsin’s leaders are willing and able to work across party lines for science-based solutions to environmental challenges.” 

     — Elizabeth Koehler, state director for The Nature Conservancy in Wisconsin


“Not only does this legislation deliver important resources toward clean water and resilient farms in Wisconsin, but it also proves they are bipartisan issues. Let’s use it as a roadmap for doing more good and necessary legislation to make Wisconsin a great place to live, and to farm.”

— Matt Krueger, executive director of WI Land+Water


  • Nitrogen optimization pilot program at the state Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection through which grants of up to $50,000 will be awarded to farmers to implement strategies that optimize the application of commercial nitrogen. Farmers must collaborate with a University of Wisconsin System institution, such as the Division of Extension. 
  • Crop insurance premium rebate of $5 per acre to farmers who plant cover crops. The program will be funded with $400,000 per year starting in the second year of the biennium.
  • Full-time hydrogeologist position at the Geological and Natural History Survey at the UW-Madison Division of Extension. The position will develop groundwater resource information at the county and local levels, and work to assist local governments, industries and the public to interpret and use the information.


Wisconsin Act 223

Budget proposal (April 2021)

Policy principles (December 2020)


Scott Laeser 

Amy Penterman

Elizabeth Koehler 

Matt Krueger 


Clean Wisconsin 

Dairy Business Association 

The Nature Conservancy 

WI Land+Water 


Agricultural, environmental groups cheer new state nitrates water quality measures, and hope momentum builds for bolder action @CleanWisconsin @DairyForward @nature_org @WLWCA #CleanWater #ResilientFarms

About the groups:

On behalf of its more than 30,000 members, supporters and its coalition partners, Clean Wisconsin protects and preserves Wisconsin’s clean air, water and natural heritage.
Learn more at www.cleanwisconsin.org

The Dairy Business Association is Wisconsin’s leading dairy advocacy group, championing smart and sensible regulations affecting the dairy community. The nonprofit organization is comprised of farmers, milk processors, vendors and other business partners who work collaboratively to ensure that dairy farms of all sizes have the support they need to keep America’s Dairyland strong.
Learn more at www.dairyforward.com

The Nature Conservancy is a global conservation organization dedicated to conserving the lands and waters on which all life depends. Guided by science, we create innovative, on-the-ground solutions to our world’s toughest challenges so that nature and people can thrive together. In Wisconsin, we help farmers improve soil health and protect clean water while sustaining profitability. We also collaborate with communities, governments, business and other nonprofits to protect Wisconsin’s most outstanding natural areas, address climate change and its impacts, and help make cities more sustainable. Learn more at www.nature.org/wisconsin

WI Land+Water is a nonprofit organization that supports the local and statewide efforts of all county land conservation committee supervisors and conservation staff across Wisconsin. Its mission is to protect, conserve and enhance Wisconsin’s natural resources by advocating for and supporting county conservation efforts, for current and future generations. Learn more at www.wisconsinlandwater.org